Amy Winehouse won five Grammy Awards for her 2006 album Back to Black, and is
remembered for songs like “Rehab,” “Back to Black” and “Valerie.” She died in
2011, at age 27.
“I don’t think your ability to fight has anything to do with how big you are.
It’s to do with how much anger is in you.” —Amy Winehouse
Born in London, England, on September 14, 1983, Amy Winehouse broke into the
music business when, at age 16, a classmate passed on her demo tape.
her first record deal as a jazz vocalist, and her music later blossomed into an
eclectic mix of jazz, pop, soul and R&B. Winehouse won five Grammy Awards
connected her 2006 album Back to Black, and earned acclaim for songs like the
title track, “Rehab,” “Love Is a Losing Game” and “Valerie.” Winehouse died
tragically on July 23, 2011, at the age of 27 from accidental alcohol poisoning.
Early Career Amy Jade Winehouse was born on September 14, 1983, in the suburb of Southgate in
London, England. Her father, Mitch Winehouse, worked as a cab driver, while
mother Janis was employed as a pharmacist.
Winehouse’s upbringing was surrounded
by jazz; many of her uncles on her mother’s side were professional jazz
musicians, and her father sang as a child with his own family. And Winehouse’s paternal grandmother was once romantically involved with British jazz legend Ronnie Scott. Because of this musical background, Winehouse grew up listening to a diverse range of music, from James Taylor to Sarah Vaughan. At the age of 10, she became drawn to the rebellious spirit of TLC, Salt-N-Pepa and other American R&B and hip-hop acts, and founded a short-lived amateur rap group called Sweet ‘n Sour.
At the age of 12, Winehouse was accepted into the prestigious Sylvia Young
Theatre School, and a year later she received her first guitar. But by the age
of 16, Winehouse was expelled for “not applying herself” and piercing her nose.
That same year, she caught her first big break when a schoolmate and close
friend, pop singer Tyler James, passed her demo tape to his label, A&R, who was
searching for a jazz vocalist. The opportunity led her to a record deal with
Debut Album: ‘Frank’
Her debut album, Frank (2003), was a critically acclaimed mixture of jazz, pop,
soul and hip-hop. The album was nominated for the Mercury Music Prize as well as
two BRIT awards for Best Female Solo Artist and Best Urban Act. The debut single
on the album, “Stronger Than Me,” earned the new artist an Ivor Novello award.
Frank also hit double platinum status. During this time, Winehouse began developing a reputation as an unstable party
girl, often showing up to her club or TV performances too drunk to sing a whole
set. She also started a tumultuous, on-again-off-again
relationship with music
video assistant Blake Fielder-Civil who admitted to introducing Winehouse to
hard drugs. In public, the couples’ arguments often devolved into fistfights and
dramatic scenes. In private, their romance centered around drugs, alcohol,
physical abuse and even self-harm.
By 2006, her management company finally suggested that Winehouse enter rehab for alcohol abuse. Instead, she dumped the company and turned the experience into
the lead single for her second, critically acclaimed album Back to Black (2006).
The song “Rehab,” which discussed her refusal to receive treatment for substance
abuse, became an instant Top 10 hit in the United Kingdom and earned the artist
another Ivor Novello award for best contemporary song. The album was also a
critical success, winning the artist a BRIT award for Best Female Solo Artist
and a BRIT nomination for Best British Album in 2007.
Less than a month after her BRIT win, Back to Black made its American debut. It
was an instant smash, hitting higher on the Billboard music charts than any
other American debut by a British female recording artist in history. The album
stayed in the Top 10 for several months, selling one million copies by the end
of that summer, with “Rehab” becoming a top 10 U.S. hit as well.
Marriage and Erratic Behavior
In April of 2007, Winehouse’s relationship with Blake Fielder-Civil also
blossomed into an engagement. Winehouse revealed that her romance with the
23-year-old was the inspiration for several of the Back to Black tracks. The
couple eloped and married on May 18, 2007, in a ceremony in Miami, Florida.
Unfortunately, when it came to on-stage appearances, Winehouse returned to her
old habits. The first night of a 17-date U.S. tour opened to an incapacitated
Winehouse, who showed up to perform while under the influence of illegal
substances. The crowd at the National Indoor Arena in Birmingham, Alabama,
responded with boos and walk-outs.
Winehouse responded to the crowd with sobbing and swearing. Her erratic behavior caused an uproar with fans and turned her into tabloid fodder.
Winehouse, an admitted marijuana smoker, was dogged by reports of continued drug abuse and strange behavior. On August 8, 2007, the singer overdosed on several drugs, being brought to medical facilities in an incoherent state. First claiming exhaustion, Winehouse later told the News of the World that she overdosed after she had used a mix of heroin, cocaine, ecstasy, ketamine, whisky and vodka during a bar crawl in London. The episode put a planned tour of North America on hold. The August 21, 2007, announcement indicated that Winehouse had been ordered to rest and was working with doctors to address her health.
Arrests and Cancelled Appearances
Her European tour in the fall of 2007, however, was scheduled to continue. But
while in Norway in October of 2007, an anonymous tip led police to the star’s
hotel in Bergen, where she was arrested and held in prison overnight for
marijuana possession. Winehouse, her husband Blake and a third unidentified
person were jailed.
The trio was released after paying $715 in fines.
In November 2007, Winehouse’s husband was arrested again for allegedly offering
a $400,000 bribe to a bartender whom he he had allegedly assaulted in June 2007.
Shortly after, he was taken into custody, and Winehouse canceled all concerts
and public appearances for the rest of 2007, again citing “doctor’s orders.” A
month later, Winehouse was arrested on suspicion of attempting to interfere with
her husband’s case. She voluntarily reported to a police station and was
arrested before questioning. She later blamed her husband’s legal woes for her
inability to continue her tour.
Despite her inconsistent touring schedule, Winehouse’s album continued to sell,
going platinum nearly five times that year. It became the best-selling album of
2007 in the United Kingdom.
Rehab and Record-Setting Grammy Wins
In January 2008, a video allegedly showing Winehouse smoking crack cocaine
surfaced, leading to a brief stint in rehab. She was arrested in May 2008 for questioning, but wasn’t formally charged in the case after police said they could not officially determine what the singer was smoking. After publicly
admitting to illegal substance abuse, Winehouse was denied a U.S. visa due to
her “use and abuse of narcotics.” The visa prevented her from performing live at
the 2008 Grammy Awards. Instead, the she performed in London via satellite.
During the evening’s ceremony, Winehouse won five Grammy Awards, including for
best new artist, record of the year and song of the year—becoming the first
British singer to win five Grammy Awards, as well as tying with singer Beyoncé
Knowles for the record of the most Grammy wins by a female artist in a single
night. (Knowles broke that record in 2010, when she won six Grammy Awards in one night; and Adele tied that record with six Grammy wins in 2012.)
More Personal Setbacks
Despite her musical success, Winehouse’s health and personal life began to
quickly deteriorate. Her erratic behavior continued in June 2008, when she
appeared to punch a fan during a performance at the Glastonbury Music Festival
in England. Londoner James Gostelow, 25, told BBC News that Winehouse elbowed
him in the forehead after someone in the crowd behind him threw a hat at her. In
a widely circulated video of the incident, Winehouse was seen throwing a series
of punches into the crowd. Gostelow said he had no intention of making a
complaint to police, and Winehouse escaped criminal proceedings.
After the concert, Winehouse returned to a London clinic, where she had been
receiving treatment for “traces of emphysema” and an irregular heartbeat caused
by smoking crack cocaine and cigarettes. Winehouse’s father told reporters that
his daughter was warned that she would have to wear an oxygen mask if she didn’t
stop abusing drugs. That same month, Fielder-Civil and his three co-defendants
pleaded guilty to assault and obstruction charges. The courts released
Fielder-Civil from jail time on the condition that he stay in a drug
rehabilitation center for long-term treatment.
By the end of 2008, the singer’s marriage had dissolved. Winehouse had begun an
extended stay on the Caribbean island of St. Lucia, during which time she had
allegedly met a new love interest. And tabloids had linked Fielder-Civil to
German model Sophie Schandorff. In January 2009, Winehouse’s spokesperson
confirmed that divorce proceedings had begun between husband and wife, with
Fielder-Civil filing for divorce and citing adultery as the reason for the
Regardless of personal setbacks, 2009 proved to be another strong year for
Winehouse. In 2008, her album Back to Black was declared the second-highest
selling album in the world, and in 2009, she earned entry into the Guinness Book
of World Records for “Most Grammy Awards Won by a British Female Act.”
Additionally, Winehouse announced that she was starting her own record label,
Lioness Records, later signing her 13-year-old goddaughter, Dionne Bromfield, as
the first musician on the label.
Sadly, at the end of her life, Winehouse’s enormous talent was overshadowed by
her addiction to drugs and alcohol. The singer died tragically on July 23, 2011,
at the age of 27, from accidental alcohol poisoning.
Winehouse’s life and career were the focus of a critically acclaimed documentary
Amy, which hit theaters in July 2015 and was directed by Asif Kapadia. While the
film has been widely celebrated, it upset Winehouse’s family. They released a
statement through a spokesperson after the film was shown at the 2015 Cannes
film festival. The family said that the project “is a missed opportunity to
celebrate her life and talent and that it is both misleading and contains some
basic untruths,” according to The Hollywood Reporter.
Official website: www.amywinehouse.com